Groovy Hemp Company CBD and CBG Oil Glossary (Terms and Definitions)
Cannabis Sativa L This a plant species in the Cannabis genus. Includes agricultural hemp and marijuana, which are two different strains of Cannabis Sativa L. Two different strains mean hemp and marijuana are two different plants.
Industrial Hemp Hemp and Cannabis are two strains that come from the same species (Cannabis Sativa). Hemp is the strain that contains less than 0.3% THC (the psychoactive compound found in Cannabis) Industrial Hemp is the lowest grade of Hemp used as a supplement. The two higher grades are pharmaceutical grade and food grade.
Hemp Extract This is an oil extracted from hemp’s aerial plant parts (leaves and mostly flowers/buds), containing a natural blend of phytocannabinoids.
Hemp Oil This is used interchangeably with hemp extract but be cautious: some companies use this term when they really mean hemp seed oil.
Hemp Seed Oil This is an oil extracted from hemp seeds (nutritious but contains almost no phytocannabinoids). It does contain omega-3 and omega-6 along with other nutrients that are excellent for skincare and overall health.
Phytocannabinoids These are natural chemical compounds found in hemp extract that have been studied for various potential effects. Hemp oil extract contains many phytocannabinoids including cannabidiol (CBD).
Cannabinoids This is a group of fatty compounds found in hemp, other plants, and even the human body. Cannabinoids from plants are referred to as phytocannabinoids and those produced by the human body are called endocannabinoids. (The prefix Phyto means plant, while endo- means that it comes from within.) Cannabinoids are the primary chemical compounds produced by the cannabis plant.
Endocannabinoid System (ECS) This is a series of receptors that interact with phytocannabinoids and endocannabinoids to maintain homeostatic functions. That means it helps keep your body working properly.
CB1 These are Cannabinoid receptors found primarily in the central nervous system. That includes neurons in the brain and nerves in the spinal cord.
CB2 These are Cannabinoid receptors found primarily in the peripheral nervous system. That includes nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord.
Endocannabinoids These are natural chemical compounds produced by our own bodies that are like phytocannabinoids. Their job is to bind to and activate cannabinoid receptors. They are not stored but get created on demand.
Anandamide In the brain, cannabinoid receptors (C1) are activated by a neurotransmitter called anandamide. It is one of the two known endocannabinoids.
2-AG This is a derivative of arachidonic acid that occurs naturally in the brain and some foods. 2-AG acts as a messenger molecule, playing roles in appetite, depression, memory, and fertility. It is one of the two known endocannabinoids.
CBG-A In the Cannabis plant (includes hemp) an organic compound called CBG-A is broken down by specific enzymes into THC-A, CBD-A, and CBC-A. UV light or heat breaks down THC-A and CBD-A into THC or CBD. The percentage of either compound depends on the strain of the plant. CBG-A converts to CBG. The percentage of CBG is generally very low.
CBD-A CBD-A is shorthand for cannabidiolic-acid, the naturally occurring raw form of CBD that is produced directly in the cannabis (hemp) plant from CBG-A by specific enzymes.
THC-A THC-A is shorthand for tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, the naturally occurring raw form of THC that is produced directly in the cannabis plant from CBG-A by specific enzymes.
CBG CBG (cannabigerol) is the precursor to all other cannabinoids in the hemp plant. It is a cannabinoid that has been found to act on very specific physiological systems and problems. Results for medicinal use are promising. CBG itself is not psychoactive (i.e., it won’t get you high).
CBD CBD stands for Cannabidiol, one of many cannabinoids found in cannabis. Unlike THC, CBD is not psychoactive. In addition, independent research, as well as consumer feedback, has shown numerous benefits for human and animal health. CBD is found in a much higher concentration in hemp than any other cannabinoid.
CBC Cannabichromene works synergistically with other cannabinoids and helps block pain.
CBD-V Cannabidivarin has a similar molecular structure to CBD. CBD-V can interact with pain receptors and function as an anti-convulsive.
CBN This cannabinoid is created when THC oxidizes. It is generally found in very small amounts relative to CBD. It has medicinal value including; pain relief, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-convulsive, appetite stimulant, and it has a sedative effect.
THC Unlike CBD, this cannabinoid is psychoactive, and depending on the concentration, it will get you high. THC has demonstrated some potential health benefits including; increase appetite in eating disorder patients, help with neurodegenerative diseases, and help cancer patients.
CBD Bioavailability This is the percentage or fraction of an administered serving of CBD or CBG that has an active effect after it enters the bloodstream.
Full-spectrum CBD Oil Full-spectrum CBD also contains trace amounts of other cannabinoids including less than 0.3% THC and various terpenes (depending on the strain). All these organic compounds work synergistically providing a fuller therapeutic effect than just CBD Isolate alone.
Broad-spectrum CBD Oil It contains trace amounts of other cannabinoids excepting THC, as well as terpenes shown to work synergistically together providing a fuller effect than just isolated CBD alone.
CBD Isolate This is CBD without any other cannabinoids including THC, terpenes, and flavonoids, or any of the other organic compounds that might be found in Industrial Hemp.
Terpenes Organic compounds that are responsible for the distinctive fragrances of plant products from oranges to pine trees to, yes, cannabis. In Hemp, there is the possibility that terpenes work with cannabinoids to produce enhanced health benefits. This is referred to as the Entourage Effect
Myrcene (a terpene) This is the most common terpene found in industrial hemp. Its aroma is musky, earthy, cloves, and herbal. It is helpful for sedating and relaxing. It is an anti-inflammatory, sedative, and muscle relaxant. It is useful for pain relief.
Limonene (a terpene) This terpene has a citrus aroma. It is helpful for stress relief and reduces anxiety. It is also a mood elevator and anti-depressant. Limonene also helps relieves nausea.
Pinene (a terpene) This terpene’s aroma is pine, fresh mountain air, slightly woody. Bet that surprised you endlessly. It will help you stay alert, boosts energy, improves focus and memory. Pinene is also a bronchodilator.
Caryophyllene (a terpene) This terpene’s aroma is spicy, woody, and pepper. It provides pain relief, is an anti-depressant, an anti-inflammatory, and has anti-anxiety qualities.
Humulene (a terpene) This terpene’s aroma is woody, earthy, herbal, and spicy. It has anti-inflammatory, appetite suppressant, pain relief, and anti-tumor qualities.
Linalool (a terpene) This terpene’s aroma is floral, sugar, and citrus. It has anti-anxiety, sedative, pain relief, and anti-bacterial qualities.
Entourage Effect When you have CBD, other cannabinoids including <0.3% THC, and terpenes present from the original plant working together and creating an enhanced positive impact. Using real hemp terpenes with CBD provides the maximum benefits.
CBD Flower (Bud) This originates from hemp that is cultivated and grown for the specific purpose of high CBD content.
CBD Trimmed Flower (Bud) This is from hemp that is cultivated and processed to provide the user with pure and smooth CBD Flower, without any excess plant matter. Trimmed CBD flower is picked specifically for the quality of the bud produced by the hemp plant.
CBD Untrimmed Flower (Bud) This originates from hemp. CBD flower that is untrimmed offers users the purest form of CBD before it is processed into a variety of supplements. Untrimmed CBD flower is not the prettiest looking, but it has many capabilities and is usually a cheaper option than Trimmed CBD flower.
Water-soluble CBD These products utilize nano-technology to dramatically boost bioavailability. Ordinarily, because CBD is an oil it does not mix with water. Because the nano-CBD particles are less than 100 nanometers in size, they are small enough to mix efficiently with water. This form of CBD will pass through to the bloodstream much easier so your body can utilize CBD quickly and efficiently. Bioavailability is usually greater than 50%.
Liposomes Liposomes are an oral delivery system for CBD. Bioavailability is a little less than 20%. Somewhere between oil-based capsules and so-called water-soluble CBD Oil.
CBD Oil Capsules This is a very convenient, inexpensive way to get CBD into your system. The capsule casing is frequently gelatin. There are drawbacks. These types of capsules must pass through your digestive tract where a large percentage of the CBD is wasted and never gets to the intended target. Bioavailability ranges from about 6% – 10%.
CBD Tinctures This is produced when hemp flowers (buds) are steeped in high-proof grain alcohol then boiled at a low temperature. The resulting product is a tincture that is applied in small amounts sub-lingually from a dropper. Bioavailability is approximately 20% – 35%.
CBD Edibles In CBD Edibles, the active compound is combined with food. The net result is the CBD is released over a longer timeframe with relief lasting longer. CBD Edibles are also discreet. Pull a couple of gummies out of your pocket and almost no-one will notice.
CBD Topicals These are lotions, creams, oils, salves, and balms that have been infused with CBD (cannabidiol). CBD topicals are absorbed through the pores and act on the endocannabinoid system in the skin. Because topicals are used only in specific areas, the effects are only local.
CBD Dabs These are extremely potent CBD concentrates in wax, shatter, butter, or powder form. They are usually 99% pure, which makes them more effective and expensive than CBD oils and edibles.
CBD Dabbing This is the term used to describe the consumption of extremely potent CBD. Technically, it is classified as “the flash vaporization” of CBD concentrates when they are applied to a hot surface and then inhaled.
CO2 Extraction Currently, this is the cleanest, safest method for extracting oils from plants such as hops, cannabis, hemp, and a wide range of nutraceuticals and organic crops. It has the advantage of no solvent residue.
Ethanol Extraction High-grade grain alcohol can be used to create high-quality cannabis oil appropriate for vape pen cartridges and other products. This extraction method extracts the full range of cannabinoids and terpenes from hemp, however, it also extracts chlorophyll which may lead to some unpleasant side effects.
Homeostasis The definition of homeostasis is the ability or tendency to maintain internal stability in an organism to compensate for environmental changes.
MCT Oil (medium-chain triglycerides) MCTs are an ingredient in CBD Oil products that help the body absorb CBDs. MCTs are rapidly metabolized and are not stored as fat. This rapid metabolism also expedites cannabinoid utilization. MCT Oil does not occur naturally and can only be created in a lab. A CBD oil product with MCTs will be more expensive than one product with just coconut oil, it will also be a lot healthier.
Non-GMO This means non-genetically modified organisms. GMOs (genetically modified organisms) are novel organisms created in a laboratory using genetic modification/engineering techniques.